Snooker, a popular cue sport enjoyed by millions worldwide, has a rich and intriguing history. While it is widely associated with British culture, its origins can actually be traced back to India. In this post, we’ll explore the early beginnings of snooker in India, the role of British soldiers in its development, and how it eventually became the global phenomenon we know today.

The Indian Roots of Snooker

The origins of snooker can be traced back to the 19th century in colonial India, where British soldiers stationed in the country sought ways to pass the time. The game evolved from a combination of traditional billiards and a variety of other cue sports popular at the time, such as pyramids and life pool. The name “snooker” itself was derived from a slang term used by British soldiers to describe inexperienced or first-year military personnel.

Sir Neville Chamberlain: The Father of Snooker

The creation of snooker is often attributed to Sir Neville Chamberlain, a British Army officer stationed in Jabalpur, India. In 1875, Chamberlain introduced a new set of rules and additional colored balls to the existing game of black pool, giving birth to the early version of snooker. The game quickly gained popularity among the British officers and spread across the Indian subcontinent.

The Journey of Snooker from India to Britain

As British soldiers returned home from their service in India, they brought the game of snooker with them. The sport quickly gained traction in the United Kingdom, with the first official snooker tournament being held in 1916. The establishment of the Billiards Association and Control Club (later renamed the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association) in 1919 further solidified snooker’s place in British sports culture.

Snooker’s Global Expansion and Popularity

Over the years, snooker has grown in popularity and evolved into a highly competitive professional sport. Major tournaments such as the World Snooker Championship and the Masters have attracted top players from around the globe, further cementing snooker’s status as an internationally recognized sport. Today, snooker enjoys a strong following not only in the UK and India, but also in countries like China, Australia, and Canada.


The fascinating history of snooker, with its roots in colonial India, illustrates the dynamic evolution of the game over the past century. As the sport continues to grow and captivate new audiences worldwide, the story of snooker’s Indian origins serves as a reminder of its unique cultural heritage and the lasting impact of historical connections between nations.